Male Pattern Baldness

Summary Of The Most Common Types Of Alopecia

Most people have heard the term, Male Pattern Baldness. Alopecia, on the other hand, can be a more confusing term for those planning NYC FUE treatments. The word simply means, “hair loss” but there are a variety of types and causes. Not all types of alopecia are permanent of appropriate for Follicular Unit Extraction procedures. We’ve created a guide to give a brief summary of the most common types of alopecia.

Androgenetic Alopecia

This is the most common reason people come to see us in NYC for FUE hair restoration treatments. It is also commonly known as male pattern baldness, though women can experience this type of hair loss too. Around 70% of males and up to 50% of females report hair thinning and balding by the time they are 50 years old and some men can notice the telltale horseshoe pattern of balding in their early 20’s. Male pattern baldness becomes noticeable first at the hairline or crown, whereas women tend to notice diffuse shedding throughout the scalp and at the top in particular.

Traction Alopecia

Traction alopecia is characterized by receding hair line and patches of baldness due to constant tension and pulling of hair in an area. Hair styled in tight braids, buns or twists over a long period of time may begin to thin and fall out in the areas with the most tension.

Trichotillomania also falls into this category. This condition involves an individual consistently pulling out their own hair at the root because of a compulsive disorder. Though hair can grow back in, in some cases the bald areas remain. Our clients include African American women who have worn dreadlocks or braids for many years and noticed loss of hair. NYC FUE treatments are becoming very popular to treat traction alopecia for both men and women.

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Other Types of Alopecia

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is related to autoimmune dysfunction and causes circular spots of hair loss.

Alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis

Alopecia totalis causes hair to fall out completely throughout the scalp and face so that eyebrows, lashes and facial hair are completely absent. The most advanced alopecia is termed, alopecia universalis, which means the individual grows no hair anywhere on their body.

Unfortunately, without an adequate amount of a patient’s own growing, healthy, donor hair to use for transplant, FUE procedures are not a good solution for those suffering with this type of alopecia.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen Effluvium refers to a sudden shedding of hair, usually after a traumatic or stressful period. Typically a temporary condition, hairs are forced into the resting or telogen phase and then about 3 months later a large number will shed. If the underlying cause is not treated, continual hair shedding may occur but, in most cases, normal hair density returns after the individual has recovered.

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